The Name

Thomas Savage the Carpenter
Ensign Thomas Savage

Their relationship with
Pocahontas and Powhatan

R. Blair Savage

    Ribbed mussels, known as tshecomah, were abundant in the brackish estuarine marshes around Jamestown. It appears
    that rawrenock (mussel shell beads) were made by Indian women living and working at James Fort.  Beads were
    symbolic items to exchange in a Powhatan marriage ceremony. Is this evidence that the Powhatan formally recognized
    the unions of English men and Algonquian women?

    If you are new to genealogy research, you need to be aware that there is an extreme amount of rubbish
    information posted on the Internet. Before using any information found on-line one should make sure it
    is documented. In my own searching, of this most valuable medium, I have found scores of postings
    relating to the lives of Ensign Thomas Savage and Thomas Savage the Carpenter which are highly
    questionable and many that are just plain wrong. After twenty-four years of searching, I have found no
    person, or source, on the Internet or anywhere else, who cites an actual record which identifies the
    parents of Ensign Thomas Savage, or the location in England from where he came. If anyone has such
    hard evidence I would sincerely appreciate your sharing it with those of us who have spent many years in
    search of it.     


I have had my DNA typed and posted on the Savage DNA
project web site.

If you are interested in comparing your DNA to mine
or would like me to put you in touch with our Project
Administrator,  my contact information is near the bottom
of this page.
A skirmish with the Indians near Jamestown
                                                                       Thomas Belson
    The 1624/25 muster (census) listed a 12 year old boy, identified as Thomas Belson, in the home of Ensign Thomas Savage and his wife,
    Ann, later called, Hannah.
    I believe this boy was Thomas Savage the Carpenter. While common thought is that Belson was a surname, I believe that it was a family
    name and was used to differentiate him from his father.
    The reported age of 12 is probably incorrect. Anyone who has ever examined old census records knows they were notorious for having
    gross errors on ages. Young Thomas may have been closer to 9 or 10.
    Many of these old records were hand copied and re-copied several times and there were many, many, errors. I have a dozen different ages
    recorded for my great-grandfather, Nelson Savage and that was in the 1800's. There may have been a misunderstanding on the part of the
    census taker as regards the boy’s name and his age. Perhaps the person giving the information named the boy's mother when answering;
    "xxxxxxx's son". Perhaps the copyist had difficulty with the name when the muster taker's notes were transferred. Like my own name, it
    may have been a middle name to differentiate him from his father. It would be like my father, Russell, telling the census taker that I
    was Russell Blair. It has been reported that before the American Revolution the English rarely used middle names. This opinion is based
    on what's found in surviving records which, in most cases were formal, or legal documents. There is no reason to believe that families did
    not have pet names applied to certain children, particularly when they had the same given name as the father. My Grandfather, Milton
    Jackson Savage appears in records as either, Milton Savage or Jack Savage, but never as, Milton Jackson Savage.
    Perhaps Ensign Savage preferred his Indian wife to have an English name. Isabel was a common English name at the time and could have
    been shortened to, Belle. The census taker may have been told by Ann Savage that the boy was Belle's son. The Latin meaning of the
    name Belle is, beautiful, or fair. There is little doubt that an important Powhatan Chief's daughter, given to Ensign Savage, would have
    had special qualities.  
    In the Jamestown Muster Rolls of 1624/5 Belson is listed as a servant of Ensign Thomas Savage. It was not unique  to this boy
    to be listed as a servant when he may have actually been the Ensign's son. In the muster of William Gany (wife Anna), their daughter,
    also named, Anna is listed as a servant and as being born in Virginia. William arrived Virginia in 1616 and Mrs. Gany arrived in 1620, so
    young Anna would have been no more than five to six years of age; quite young to be a servant! Another instance of this may be in the
    muster of Captain Samuell Mathews who arrived in 1622. Among his other servants there is listed a Robert Mathews, age 24.
    Any number of reasons could account for Belson having been listed as a servant. As mentioned above, the old records are rife with errors.
    Did the census taker mistaken him for a servant because he appeared to be Native American? I have not been able to locate another
    person with the name, Belson during these early years of the colony.
    Of the 51 Eastern Shore people appearing in the census of 1624/25, this young boy is the only individual who is not identified by either;
    “born in Virginia” or by the giving of a date of arrival and the name of the ship on which he arrived.
    Of those 51 people: Forty-eight are identified by ship and date of arrival. Two are identified as being “born in Virginia”. Only one, the so-
    called, Thomas Belson, has no date of arrival, ship name, or “born in Virginia” label. To illustrate this I include here an excerpt from the
    muster listing those residents of the Eastern Shore. This is a copy from page 11 of THE EASTERN SHORE of VIRGINIA 1603-1964 by
    Nora Miller Turman and appears alphabetically instead of in the original order. I have a complete copy of the actual 1624/25 muster, so I
    am certain of the accuracy of what I include here:
    William Andrews, age 25, in the Treasurer, 1617
    John Askume, age 22, in the Charles, 1624
    John Baker, age 20, in the Ann, 1623
    Thomas Belson, age 12
    William Bibble, age 22, in the Swan, 1620
    James Blackborne, age 20, in the Sampson, 1619
    Margaret Hodgskins, born in Virginia


    It is documented that an
    Ann/Hannah was a wife of Ensign
    Thomas Savage and that they had at
    least one child, John Savage, later
    called Capt. John Savage. I believe
    that Ann/Hannah was the Ensign's
    second wife and the step-mother of
    the so called "Belson" boy. I am
    convinced this boy was actually
    Thomas Savage the Carpenter, the
    son of the Ensign and a native girl
    who died.
    But, this is a theory and is yet to
    be proven.


    After spending many years tracing my
    line to Thomas Savage the Carpenter,
    in 1995 I published a book covering
    the thirteen generations from he to my
    grand-children. The book is entitled;
      A History of Thirteen Generations
    of a
           Savage Family in America
Who was the father of Thomas Savage the Carpenter?
This question is vigorously explored in my book;

Savage Is My Name - Part II
A Study of the lives and Relationship of
Thomas Savage the Carpenter
Ensign Thomas Savage
Virginia's Eastern Shore
1607 - 1655

    Robinson T. Savage and many of his descendants are told about in Evelyn Guard Olsen's book, Indian
    Blood, a brilliant narrative about life in the Blooming Rose area of Garrett County during the 1800's.
    Stephen Schlosnagle's bicentennial history of Garrett County contains numerous references to our
    Savage ancestors. The book, Garrett County Graves would be several pages thinner had Robinson not
    planted his roots where he did.

    Robinson T. Savage was the first school teacher in Western Maryland. He was a friend
    and neighbor of Meshack Browning. Meshack was a famous pioneer hunter and
    outdoorsman. His flintlock rifle rests in the Smithsonian. In Meshack's book, Forty-
    four Years of The Life of A Hunter, a tome about his many exploits, he tells about he
    and Robinson being together in the War of 1812. They volunteered, were appointed
    sergeants and marched off to Baltimore.
Thomas The Carpenter had at least two sons; Thomas and John.

A century after he was active on the
Eastern Shore,
Thomas The Carpenter was
referred to, in court records as;
Thomas Savage The Elder.

    Additions and corrections to the information
    contained herein are welcome.
    I may be contacted at:
    R. Blair Savage
    6622 Garde Rd.,
    Boynton Beach, FL 33472
    Ph 828-808-3749

    Or by email at the address following. This address is coded
    to prevent copying by internet phishing.

    To use, please remove the blue x.

    This web site went on-line in
    July of 2005.
    I will continue to add any information that I may
    find on
    Thomas Savage the Carpenter
    Ensign Thomas Savage.

    As I hear from new "Cuzzins" I also add to the
    several thousand names on the
    Robinson T. Savage
    web site.

Thomas Savage the Carpenter had many craftsmen and laborers working his shops and plantation. Some of them were slaves,
some were indentured servants and undoubtedly some were freemen.
    The aim of this site is to:
    1. Make available information on the continuing effort to prove the relationship of Thomas Savage the Carpenter, who first appears in Colonial Virginia
    records in 1632, and Ensign Thomas Savage who arrived in 1607/08 with the "First Supply" to Jamestown - and to determine their family histories.
    2. Provide assistance to those who believe they may be descended from these two adventurers.

    A colonial cooper needed skills, intelligence, and strength.  They made casks and
    containers of many specific sizes which included the barrel, firkin, kilderkin, hogshead,
    butt, tierce, puncheon, rundlet and pipe.  They also made pails, churns, tubs, and
    dippers.  These were made of cedar and pine, and were used to hold goods like flour,
    tobacco, and water. Coopers used broad axes, planes, drawknives, and other tools to
    make these items.
    A carpenter was perhaps the most useful colonial tradesman.  The carpenter used many
    different tools, including the saw, broad axe, hammer, awl, mallet, plane, scribe,
    drawknife, gimlet, and froe.
    Carpenters built with, oak, locust, tulip, poplar, yellow pine, cypress and juniper.
R. Blair Savage
Milton Jackson Savage
Russell Milton Savage
Last update on this page:   

Please click on the "Arms"
button in the navigation bar
for information on the
Savage Coat of Arms
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A great, great, grand-son of Thomas Savage was
Robinson T. Savage

Court documents tell us Thomas Savage the
Carpenter built houses and boats. It's
reported that a Shallop was typical of the
kind of boats built by his crew.
Savage Ancestry - Savage History - Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor - Savage Women - Savage Roots - Savage Lineage - Savage Adventure - Savage Pioneers -
Savage Hero's - Savage Men - Savage Arms - Savage Ancestry - Savage History - Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor -
Savage Ancestry - Savage History -
Savage Genealogy - Savage Family - Savage Lore - Savage Legend - Savage Traces - Savage Honor - Savage Women - Savage Roots - Savage Lineage - Savage Adventure - Savage Pioneers
Jamestown Plaque dedicated
to Ensign Thomas Savage
JULY 19TH 1621.

    17th-century European engraving depicts Powhatan receiving Ralph Hamor, secretary of the Virginia colony
    and interpreter Thomas Savage in 1614 at the chief’s new capital of Matchcot on the Pamunkey River.
    Hamor relates: I had Thomas Salvage with me, for my interpreter; with him and two Salvages, for guides; I
    went from the Bermuda in the morning, and came to Matchot the next night, where the King (Powhatan) lay
    upon the River of Pamaunke; his entertainment was strange to me, the boy (Thomas Savage) he knew well
    and told him; My child, I gave you leave, being my boy, to goe see your friends, and these foure yeares I
    have not seene you, nor heard of my owne man Namontack.  
Ensign Thomas Savage was an"adopted son" to Powhatan and "brother"
to Pocahontas and lived in everyday association with them for three years.
Theodore De Bry wood cut of Colonial
artist John White's first-hand, water
color depiction of the Virginia/North
Carolina Indian.
This European
painting of the
wedding of
Pocohantas and
John Rolfe is said
to include Ensign
Thomas Savage

    The following law seems to imply that
    consensual sex with an Indian was allowed:
No man shall ravish or force any woman,
maid or
    Indian, or other, upon pain of death.
    The Library of Congress: For The Colony in Virginea
    Lavves Diuine,  Morall and Martiall .. Printed at London
    Walter Burre. 1612.

Books I have in print may be
viewed on the link; My Books
Here are some links to genealogy on Virginia's Eastern Shore.

                                                         Ensign Thomas Savage
    In 1607, thirteen years before the Mayflower landed, an ex-privateer who had lost a hand by a
    Spanish sword, commanded a fleet of three English ships crossing the Atlantic.
    Their destination; Virginia. Their aim; to create a settlement on a river above the mighty Chesapeake. Against all odds,
    that settlement called, Jamestown, survived and was the beginning of what would become the United States of America.
    The ex-privateer was Captain Christopher Newport and he had on board a boy by the name of Thomas Savage.
    Newport gave the boy, as a hostage, to the great Chief Powhatan in exchange for an Indian named Namontack. Newport's
    purpose was two-fold, to help insure friendship with the powerful Powhatan and to have Savage learn his language. John
    Smith, present at the exchange, tells us Savage was thirteen years of age. Thomas Savage remained with Powhatan for
    three years and was an interpreter for the English Colony for the remainder of his life. He became known as, Ensign
    Thomas Savage. Had it not been for the influence that Savage had with the Indians, and the generous heart of Pocahontas,
    the Jamestown Colony would probably not have survived. In 1619 Ensign Savage settled in Accomack as the first white
    settler on the Eastern Shore. The Ensign is said to have given us the oldest continuing family name in America.

Thank you for visiting my web site. Please check for updates periodically.

The Savages intermarried with the Friends, Fikes,
Casteels and many other pioneer families of
Garrett County, Maryland, Preston County, West
Virginia to the west and Fayette County,
Pennsylvania to the north.

All material on this site, other than that which is cited from other sources, is protected through Copyright and is made available for private use only.
Any commercial use or for-profit publication in any form is forbidden without the written consent of R. Blair Savage at 6622 Garde Rd., Boynton Beach, FL 33472
For those who regularly follow
this page, I will continue to
update it as I find new
information. For those who
visit here for the first time,
additional documentation of
this search is available in the
two books featured below.

                                                      Interpreters Take Native Wives

    Henry Spelman and Robert Poole were two Englishmen who were also hostaged to the Powhatan Indians
    and later became interpreters the same as Ensign Thomas Savage. They were contemporaries of the Ensign
    and the three knew each other well.
    According to the source cited below, He (Spelman) was survived by his Patawomeck spouse "Martha Fox," a
    child named Clement Spelman, his father Sir Henry Spelman, his brothers Thomas Spelman of Kecoughtan,
    Virginia, John Spelman, and Francis Spelman of Truro, Cornwall, England.
    From The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Virginia Historical Society, Contributor Philip
    Alexander Bruce, William Glover Stanard, Published 1893, Virginia Historical Society p. 17

    Spelman went back to England in 1613, and made several other trips, but returned to Virginia each time to
    continue to serve as an interpreter, and eventually rising to the rank of Captain. During this time he married
    a Patawomeck Indian woman who is believed to have been given the English name "Martha Fox."
    (According to traditions passed on to Henry Spellman's descendents, - his native wife was a sister of
    Pocahontas, and daughter of Powhatan.)  From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Robert Poole's spouse was unknown, but the wife of his son, William John Poole, was an unnamed
    American Indian woman.   Rev. Stephen E. Harris, The Surry County, Virginia, Historical Society and
    In John Rolfe’s 1619 letter to Edwin Sandys he makes references that imply that Robert Poole lived among
    the Indians. He even stated; “Poole being even turned heathen.” It's therefore obvious to me that Poole
    would have had an Indian bed-mate.
    In the Proceedings of the Virginia Assembly at James City July 30 – August 4, 1619, after Henry Spelman is
    read his sentence, an Assembly member stated; "This sentence being read to Spelman he, as one that had in
    him more of the Savage than of the Christian"
    As explained at length in my book, SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, it was routinely common for traders
    and other white men important to the American and Canadian Indians to be given young native girls as
    wives, or bed-mates. The Ensign was a trader - and interpreters were certainly important to the Indians. If
    Spelman, Poole and Poole's son took Indian wives, it certainly would have made good business sense for the
    Ensign to do the same.

    My book, SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II, contains
evidence to suggest that Thomas Savage the Carpenter was the son of
    Ensign Thomas Savage and a Native American girl.
While some do not accept that the English took Indian wives, evidence here will further prove that
it was, in fact, common for them to do so.
As I find new evidence, I will report it here. New additions to
this site will be temporarily in blue print
to indicate a new entry. Owners of SAVAGE IS MY NAME - PART II,
may copy, print and insert any part of this site in your copy of the book.
Chief Powhatan

A quote from the pen of J.C. Wise:
"These old carpenters and ship-builders
seem to have been
constantly occupied and prosperous".
In honor of Russell Milton Savage 1901-1986

Dedicated to Thomas Savage "The Carpenter" and Ensign
Thomas Savage of Virginia's Eastern Shore during the first
successful English colonization of America; Jamestown
Covering the period from 1607 to 1655
My Father
My Grandfather

    The 1990 Census records
    49,740 individuals in the
    United States with the
    surname of, Savage.
    The name ranks number
    582 with Smith being number
    1 at 2,501,922.

    2000 Census
    Total - 48367
    Rank - 640
    77.24% White
    18.59% Black
    1.46% Hispanic
    Balance - Other
Eastern Shore stuff >>
Eastern Shore Families >>
John Smith knew Ensign
Thomas Savage quite well.

    The line from Thomas Savage the Carpenter to me:

    01. Thomas Savage1        ?    - 1654-55

       02. Thomas Savage2          1646 - 1721

            03. Robinson Savage1        1699 - 1774

                 04. Robinson Savage2          ?     - 1786

                       05. Robinson T. Savage     abt 1774 - 1830's  (See link)

                             06. Evan Savage                  1797 - after 1849  

                                   07. Robert Savage               1819 - 1895

                                         08. Nelson E. Savage           abt 1838 - 1916

                                               09. Milton Jackson Savage  1880 - 1960

                                                     10. Russell Milton Savage    1901 - 1986

                                                           11. Russell Blair Savage    1934 –  (That's me!)

    Robinson T. Savage, early pioneer of Western Maryland, present day Garrett County, was my great, great, great, great,
    grand-father. Born on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, Robinson was relocated with his family to Sussex County, Delaware in
    1779 when just a small boy. Between 1787 and 1793 his father died and left Robinson his 250 acre plantation, which the young
    man sold and traveled to beautiful Western Maryland where he settled for life.

The book; WE ARE THE SAVAGES by Jacob Cochran Savage is probably flawed.

    Along with others, for some time I have been searching for a proven male descendant of Ensign Thomas Savage. I would like to
    compare my DNA with such a gentleman. There are living male descendants of Jacob C. Savage, but I regret to suggest that
    J. C. Savage himself did not have a direct line of descent from Ensign Thomas Savage.
    Several years ago when I read this book it appeared to me to not be adequately proven, so I went out to the Eastern Shore of Virginia and met with three
    very qualified genealogists, one of which has been consulted by the Smithsonian. I left a copy of J.C.
    Savages book with Dr. Miles Barnes, Head Librarian at the Accomack County Library. Dr. Barnes copied the book and it was studied closely by the folks
    I reference above. They all agree there is no proof of the connection, cited in the book, between the John Savage of Northampton County and the John
    Savage of Augusta County. There appears to be proof that the John Savage of Northampton stayed and died on the Eastern Shore. That breaks the blood
    line for Jacob Cochran Savage. It is more likely that the John Savage who died in 1784 and married Delitha Ward was from Thomas the Carpenter's line.
    Following are excerpts from correspondence between myself and the genealogists mentioned above;
    “As I have related to you, Mrs. [Nora] Turman, you and I (independent of each other) agree on the descendants of John
    Savage d. 1749 and we both disagree with the work of Jacob C. Savage at the level where a John Savage appears in Augusta Co.  Blair had told us
    that documentation was lacking in that work and it certainly is at that step.  If we are correct then the Jacob Savage line to Ensign Thomas
    Savage is flawed and I feel in a small way this even lends support to the theory of the Thomas Savage lines converging.” “I see no proof in the
    book that this John Savage was from Northampton County. Seems like if that had been the case, Mr. Dorman would have found that.”
    “I do think, at this point, that the John Savage who died in 1784 and married Delitha Ward was  from the Occahonnock Savages
    (Thomas the Carpenter's line).”


    Anyone interested in this issue may reach me at the email address shown below and I would be happy to
    forward all the communications from which these excerpts are taken.
    R.B. Savage
Hosting by Aabaco Web Hosting

Words of Chief Robert P, Green of the Patawomeck Tribe of Stafford,
April 20, 2004 interview with the Stafford Historical Society.
"We have a lot of interpreters I think that married into our tribe. A lot of the
interpreter's surnames show up in our family names, like the name Cox. The
families that were in Virginia before 1700 tended to inter-marry a lot. There weren't
a lot of English women around. And who did the English kill? The Indian men, not
the women. So there were a lot of Indian women and few Indian men for them to
marry. So, it made sense that these interpreters married these Indian women since
they spent most of their time with the Indian tribes anyway. So, when you talk
about blood quantum, I have no idea what my blood quantum is. When somebody
tells me they're pure Indian, I doubt that there are any pure Indians in this part of
the country. The Spanish went into the southwest, and then the settlers. The
trappers in the north either raped the Indian women or married into those tribes.
To me, blood quantum doesn't really matter. Its like an older Elder that Mitchell
Bush once introduced me to said, "I know white men that are more Indian than
some Indians I know. It's what's in your heart and not necessarily what's in your
blood that matters. Your heart tells you whether you are an Indian or not. Do you
love and respect Mother Earth?""

    It's been claimed that
    Savage is the oldest
    continuing name in
    America. Can anyone prove
    otherwise? Is there anyone
    living who is descended
    from a person who arrived
    before Ensign Thomas
    Savage in 1607/08?

    Is there a living male who
    has proven his Savage line
    to the Ensign? We have yet
    to find one who will agree
    to have his DNA tested!

    Sir Thomas Dale says to Rolfe and Pocahontas: "Since we English and the red beauties will get to marrying, there need be no
    more war, but blessed peace. Know you what is writ in this letter, my Lady Princess? I see thou dost, by thy roses. Master Rolfe
    would marry thee - hath doubtless read thee this billetd

Captain John Martin credits Ensign Thomas Savage with saving the colony through his relationships with the Accomack
Indians on the Eastern Shore.
    1622, Dec. 15.  [ffor the Certentye of Corne it is best knowne to my selfe for yt by sendinge & discoueringe those places,
    ffirst I haue not onely reaped the benefitt, but all the whole Collonye since; whoe had perished had it not bene discouered
    before Sr George Yardley came in by my Aunchient Thomas Savage & servants, besides necessities hath made those
    Savages more industrious then any other Indians in or Baye]   By Captain John Martin:

A Shallop

    Here we see two replicates of the
    colonial shallop.
    Shallops of the time were described
    "of twenty-six feet by the keel with
    masts, oars and yards".
    "of four tons".
    "a sloop rigged craft of about twelve
    tons". (Capt. John Smith's shallop
    with which he explored the bay area)
    "Tons" refers to the weight of water
    displaced by the craft, not the weight
    of the craft itself.

Much information on our Savages may be found on the expansive genealogy work of M. K. Miles on the Miles Files.
 The Governor wants an Indian bride!
    In May of 1614, after the marriage of John Rolfe and Pocahontas, Thomas Savage was the interpreter
    accompanying Ralph Hamor to meet Powhatan on a mission for the governor, Thomas Dale, in which
    another daughter of Powhatan was being sought as a bride for Dale. This mission was unsuccessful as
    Powhatan refused to give up another daughter.              

An Indian Song
The Indians had their love songs, which they sang with
some idea of tune, and they had also their angry and scornful
songs against the Tassantassees, as they called the English,
one of which is given by Strachey. It celebrates an attack
upon the English at the Falls of the James River in 1610,
when Lord Delaware sent an expedition from Jamestown to
search the country above the Falls for gold mines. In this
attack Lord Delaware's nephew, Captain William West, was
killed and Simon Skore, a sailor, and one Cobb, a boy, were
taken prisoners. The song was as follows:
(In this song, Thomas Savage is called Thomas Newport. When Captain
Christopher Newport gave Savage to Powhatan he told him that the boy
was his (Newport's) son.)

Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Whe Tassantassa inoshashaw yehockan pocosack.
Whe whe yah haha nehe wittowa wittowa.
Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Capt. Newport inoshashaw neir inhoc natian matassan.
Whe whe yah haha nehe wittowa wittowa.
Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Thom Newport inoshashaw neir inhoc natian monacock.
Whe whe yali haha nehe wittowa wittowa.
Matanerew shashashewaw erawango pechecoma
Pochin Simon inoshashaw ningon natian monacock.
Whe whe yah haha nehe wittowa wittowa.

The words of the song boasted that the Indians had killed
the English in spite of their guns (pocosack) and copper
(matassun), meaning the copper crown which Captain New-
port had presented to Powhatan (hoping thereby to secure his
friendship); that Thomas Newport (that is,
Thomas Savage,
whom Captain Newport had given to Powhatan, calling him
his son) had not frightened them with his sword (monacock) ;
and neither had Simon Skore's weapon saved him from
capture. The zvhe whe of the chorus made mock lamentation
over the death of Simon Skore, whom they tortured ; and the
words yah Jiaha ncJie zvittozva zvittoiua conveyed a jeering,
laughing commentary upon the English lack of fortitude
under torment.

William Strachey. Travaile into Virginia, 79, 80.

    In a survey of New World colonization associated with his grant in Newfoundland, Sir William Alexander cites the marriage of Rolfe and Pocahontas as
    evidence of the value of intermarriage: "for it is the onely course that uniting minds, free from jealousies, can first make strangers confide in a new friendship, which
    by communicating their bloud with mutuall assurance is left hereditary to their posteritie."
    An Encouragement to Colonies.  Sir William Alexander, Earl of Stirling, London, 1624.
    Until at least 1618, and possibly until as late as the Indian strike on English settlements in 1622, Powhatan and his successor, brother Opechancanough, still held out
    some hope of dealing with the English intruders through intermarriage and diplomacy.
    Women in Early Jamestown - Kathleen M. Brown, Associate Professor of History, University of Pennsylvania

    Another source indicating that Henry Spelman had a Native American wife:
    1 Henry Spilman b: 1595 Norfolk, Eng d: 1623 in of Jamestown Colony, VA, USA (killed by Indians)
    .... +Mary (Native American Patawomeck) Fox b USA
    ....... 2 Clement Spilman b: Abt. 1620 d: 1677 in Westmoreland Co, VA
    ............. +Martha Mason b: Abt. 1619 in VA d: Abt. 1680 in Westmoreland Co, VA m: 1640 in VA
    ................. 3 James Spelman  b: abt 1653 Westmoreland Co,VA d: Abt. 1715Westmoreland Co,VA
    ....................... +Mary Unknown b: c 1657  Westmoreland Co,VA d: ~1717Westmoreland Co, VA m: Abt. 1677 Westmoreland Co,VA
    .......................... 4 Thomas Spelman b: 1680 Washington, Westmoreland Co. Va. d: Abt. 1740 Washington Parish, VA
    ................................ +Ann Unknown
    -------------------------------- Etc., etc.......................
    SPILMAN FAMILY ABROAD - Descendants of Henry SPILMAN  -  Editor: Lori (Spilman) Dollevoet -

    Posted on several genealogy web sites are various family trees where the authors claim to be descended from Matachanna, daughter of Wahunsanawcock and
    sister of Pocahontas. Matachanna was also known as, Cleopatra, a name given to her by the English. The following record is typical of those so posted. Most
    all indicate that the daughter of Matachanna had a daughter who married a Scottish trader. I include this here as simply another reference which, if true,
    indicates that it was not at all uncommon for colonial traders to marry an Algonquin native.
    The youngest daughter of Chief Powhatan [17 years junior to Pochontas} was given the name Cleopatra by her brother-in-law, John Rolfe, the husband of
    Pochontas. Cleopatra married Cayugha Chief Opechancanough. They had two children, a son, Cornstalk, and a daughter, Princess Nicketti: "Beautiful Flower"
    or "She Sweeps The Dew From The Flowers." Nicketti married a Scottish trader named Hughes, and had a daughter, Abadiah Elizabeth Hughes.

    Dec. 17th, 1641 -- Thomas Rolfe petitions the governor to let him see Opechankeno to whom he is allied, and Cleopatra, his mother's sister."

    From the Powhatan Museum web site: One could interpret this marriage as the beginning of the whitening process of the indigenous people of Virginia, which
    continues unabated today. Technically, Pocahontas was not the first Virginia Indian to engage in miscegenation with whites. There had been a number of non-
    recognized liaisons between the English and Virginia Indians since 1607.
    Excerpt from a 2002 undergraduate thesis by Kiros Anthony Boston Auld. (Auld is a Pamunkey, Tauxenent and Taino descendant.)
    Intermarriage had been indeed the Method proposed very often by the Indians in the Beginning, urging it frequently as a certain Rule, that the English were
    not their Friends, if they refused it. The History and Present State of Virginia by Robert Beverly
    By 1609, Powhatan realized that the English intended to stay. Moreover, he was disappointed that the English did not return his hospitality nor would they
    marry Indian women (an affront from the Native perspective).
    The Library of Congress, Colonial Settlement, 1600's - 1763, Virginia's Early Relations with Native Americans

    So here is another source that supports my believe that the Powhatan Chiefdom would offer a daughter in marriage to an influential colonial interpreter,
    diplomat and trader. The English may have been reluctant to intermarry in 1609, but certainly by the time Ensign Thomas Savage was of marrying age and
    was actively trying to develop good trading relations with the Powhatan, and maintain the peace for both the welfare of the colony and his own trading
    business, he would have been utterly foolish to not accept a daughter of an important Chief. And of those offering daughters, which father would be
    Savage's wisest choice?  Probably Wahunsanawcock himself. In 1614 Savage, having left Wahunsanawcock's home four years earlier to return to Jamestown,
    re-established his warm relationship with the great Powhatan "King". What better way to gain an edge as both trader and diplomat than to marry a
    Powhatan Princess. I call Savage a Diplomat. Was he? "When Capt. John Martin visited the Eastern Shore in April 1610, he found Thomas Savage already a
    power among the red men" and "Savage became well established in the Indian councils." Just a couple of many recorded examples of Savage's importance
    in the development of good relations between the Powhatan and the Colonists. So, I feel comfortable in calling him a Diplomat.
    Was Ensign Thomas Savage offered daughters of important Powhatan Chiefs, as wives or bed-mates? I find it very difficult to believe otherwise.
    One might ask; but did he accept? Of course he would have, if not by marriage then certainly as a bed-mate. Would he have fathered a child by
    one of these women. My opinion is that it probably happened more than once. Again, this is my theory based on the evidence, but it is not yet
    proven by an actual document from the period.!
Anas Todkill, recorder of John
Smith's adventures, is portrayed
by Willie Balderson, Colonial
Williamsburg's manager of public
history development.

    If you want to taste the absolute best corn bread in the world
    you must visit the web site of Bill and Laurel Savage. Their
    farm is on the Eastern Shore of Virginia near where Ensign
    Thomas Savage and Thomas Savage the Carpenter were raising
    Indian corn near 400 years ago. Bill and I are "Cuzzins" and
    both descended from the Carpenter and related to the Ensign.
                                                                                       Thomas Savage, "The Carpenter"
    A prominent figure in Northampton and Accomack Counties on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, he first appears, by name, in surviving records, in
    1632 He is known to have been a builder of watercraft and homes and operated a cooperage to manufacture casks, barrels, kegs, buckets etc. At
    his death, he owned at least two properties totaling 750 acres. It is documented that Ensign Savage and Savage the Carpenter were closely
    related. Were they father and son?
The only known painting made during her lifetime.
It hangs in the National Portrait Gallery of the
Smithsonian, in Washington, D.C.

    Posted on is a reference to one
    Raleigh Croshaw, born 1584 in
    Croshaw, Lancashire, England, died in
    Elizabeth County, Virginia April 10,
    Croshaw is reported to have had an
    Indian wife, Rachel, "sister of
    Powhatan"; and in another place,
    "sister of Pocahontas".  No
    documentation though, so consider it
    speculation until a source is cited.

Letter from the Marquess of Flores to Philip III, King of Spain. 8-1-1612
--- reported by a source that "some of the people who have gone there, think now some of them should marry the women of the savages of that country; and he tells me that
there are already 40 or 50 thus married." Also reported that the other Englishmen, after being put among them, have become savages themselves while the women, whom
they took out, also have gone among the savages where they have been received & treated well. A minister who admonished them was "seriously wounded in many places"
because "he reprehended them."
  The Genesis of The United States, Vol. II, pages 572 & 632, by Alexander Brown in 1890.   Reproduction 2018 by

    Powhatan had died in 1618; his brother,
    Opechancanough, had effectively inherited the
    leadership of Tsenacomoco. Though
    Opechancanough had been outwardly receptive to
    talk of peace with the English and converting his
    people to Christianity, he was planning an attack that
    would devastate the English colony and, he hoped,
    send them away permanently. One version of his plan
    had involved poisoning the English using large
    quantities of a deadly plant native to the Eastern
    Shore, which he needed to obtain from Esmy
    Shichans; in addition to refusing to send the plant, the
    Indian leader alerted his friend Savage to
    true intentions. Savage tried to warn English
    authorities, including Jamestown's new governor, Sir
    Francis Wyatt, but his message fell on deaf ears.
    Wyatt had taken Opechancanough's promises of
    peace at face value, writing to the Virginia Company
    of London that the English enjoyed "very great
    amytie and confidence w[i]th the natives." On March
    22, 1622, Opechancanough led a swift and terrible
    assault on outlying plantations that killed as many
    as 347 colonists, or about one-fourth of the
    English population in Virginia.
    Encyclopedia Virginia: A project of the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities
    in partnership with the Library of Virginia
Indian massacre of 1622, depicted as a
woodcut by Matthaeus Merian, 1628

Hannah (Ann) Savage; wife of Ensign Thomas Savage

Hannah has for years been mistakenly identified as Hannah Tyng of Boston. This error has been repeated over and over. Moody K. Miles, a trusted genealogist
who I know personally, and who has done important work for, among others, the Smithsonian, tells us that Hannah's surname was Elkington.
She was listed as, Ann in the Muster of February 1624/25 at Eastern Shore, Virginia in the home of Ensign Thomas Savage. In later years she is known from court
documents as, Hannah. The muster tells us she came to Virginia in 1621 on the Sea Flower. There is record of Hannah being the mother of at least two children;
Captain John Savage, son of Ensign Thomas, and Margaret "Margery" Cugley, daughter of Hannah's second husband, Daniel Cugley to whom she was married
after the death of Ensign Thomas. In later years, after Hannah's death, Margery was cared for by her half-brother, Captain John Savage.

For more information on this subject click on The Miles Files link above.

                          An Important DNA Match

    In 2010 we discovered that a Mr. Savage (given name withheld)
    who lives on the Eastern Shore of Virginia, within the bounds of
    the 9000 acre tract that was owned by Ensign Thomas Savage,
    has a close match to my own Y-DNA profile.
    Mr. Savage and I both have documented lines to Thomas Savage
    the Carpenter. The fact that Mr. Savage lives today within the
    Ensign’s original tract does not necessarily mean that he’s
    descended from the Ensign; I suspect a number of the
    Carpenter’s descendants also live within those boundaries.
    Mr. Savage and I have a genetic distance of, 2 and since we both
    have documented lines to the Carpenter, this indicates that our
    documentation is accurate and thereby the line is solidly proven.
    If Thomas Savage the Carpenter were to be considered
    Generation #1, then I am Generation #11 and am removed from
    him by ten generations. This agrees with the Y-DNA standard
    probability chart illustrated below.
    Probability that a common ancestor lived no longer ago than this
    number of generations.

    Genetic Distance                   50%        90%      95%
           0                                    2              4            5
           1                                    3              6            7
           2                                    5              8            9
           3                                    6              10          11

    By 1691 intermarriage with Indian or Negro by the English had evidently become such a problem that the Virginia
    Colony banned all such unions: And for prevention of that abominable mixture and spurious issue which
    hereafter may encrease in this dominion as well by negroes, mulattoes, and Indians intermarrying with
    English, or other white women, as by their unlawfull accompanying with one another, Be it enacted by the
    authoritie aforesaid, and it is hereby enacted, That for the time to come, whatsoever English or other white
    man or woman being free shall intermarry with a negroe, mulatto, or Indian man or woman bond or free
    shall within three months after such marriage be banished and removed from this dominion forever.
    An act for suppressing outlying Slaves,” Laws of 1691, act XVI, in Hening’s Statutes at Law
    In 1705 that law was modified to leave out the reference to Indians.

There are those who refuse to believe that the English of the
Jamestown Colony intermarried with the Native Americans.
Thoughtfully considering all the information that I've included
here, to me it is clear that marriage, or co-habitation between
the English and the people of Powhatan's kingdom was
not at all uncommon during the early 1600's.
With the interpreters and traders I think it was
most necessary, if they were to be successful.

!!! News Flash !!!
Falmouth, Maine 3-25-2015

This just in: Our Grand Daughter, Nola, who is
also my Senior Research Analyst (pictured in
the photo to the right with her Assistant
Research Analyst, Sam) has evidently
uncovered some sort of evidence that proves
conclusively that Ensign Thomas Savage was
married to an Indian girl. Nola's preliminary
report is copied here. We believe that Nola
may have had some supernatural help with her
discovery, as she seems to be communicating
with an unknown entity. Also, the two of them
appear to be in some sort of ceremonial garb.
We anxiously await their full report.

It appears that Nola was excited when she
submitted her preliminary report, so we
include what we believe is an accurate
interpretation of her message.
I am related to Pocahontas - it is true.
                  To A More Recent Time

    "The Bass prominence in Nansemond history originally goes back to the 1638
    marriage of Elizabeth, her Christianized name, to John Bass. She was the king of
    the Nansemond's daughter. The family still own or still has in its possession the
    prayer book, which documents this marriage in 1638. Basically, that's where our
    whole line today descends from, from John Bass."
    Chief Barry "Big Buck" Bass - Nansemond Tribe   May 21, 2004
    Indians had to have a pass to travel. They couldn't testify in court against
    whites. They couldn't inherit property at one time."
    Oliver "Fish Hawk" Perry Chief Emeritus Nansemond   1987

To see a chart of some 4000 descendants of Robinson T. Savage
click on the Robinson T. Savage radio button at the top of this page.

My Library Relating to my Eastern Shore Savage Ancestry Search

(Some lengthy titles are abbreviated to fit one line and “The” may be omitted when preceding a title.)
(Recent additions in red)
  1. A Concise History Of England – F.E. Halliday
  2. A Genealogical History of The Savage Family In Ulster – George F. Savage-Armstrong
  3. A Key to Survey Reports and Microfilm of the Virginia Colonial Records Project. Vol 1 & 2
  4. A Land As God Made It: Jamestown & The Birth Of America - James Horn
  5. A True Discourse of the Present Estate of Virginia ---- by Ralph Hamor -- 1615
  6. A True Relation of The State of Virginia Left by Sir Thomas Dale - in 1616 – John Rolfe
  7. Abstracts of Wills, Adm. Of Northampton Co. VA. 1632-1802 - James Handley Marshall
  8. Accomack Co. VA. Court Order Abstracts Vol. 1-10: 1663-1710 – J. R. McKey (On CD)
  9. Accomack Tithables 1663 – 1695 - Stratton Nottingham
  10. Adventures of Purse and Person, 1607-1624/5, Vol. IV, R-Z - John F. Dorman
  11. Adventures of Purse and Person, Va. 1607-1624/5, Vol. I, A-F - John F. Dorman
  12. America’s First Family, The Savages of Virginia – Burghard
  13. American Colonists In English Records – 1597 to 1800  George Sherwood 1982
  14. American Colonists in English Records. Pub. 2011  2 Vol. in one – George Sherwood
  15. American Journeys – An Anthology of Travel In the United States – E. D. Bennett
  16. An Account Of Virginia: Its Scituation, Inhabitants, Etc. – 1676 Thomas Glover
  17. Ancient And Noble Family Of The Savages Of The Ards, The  – Geo. F. Savage-Armstrong
  18. Anne Orthwoods’s Bastard – John Pagan
  19. Atlantic World and Virginia, 1550-1624 – Peter C. Mancall
  20. Before and After Jamestown: Virginia's Powhatans - Rountree & Turner
  21. Between Two Worlds, Pocahontas & an English Boy Hostage to her Father – Clausen
  22. British Empire, The - Jane  Samson (on order)
  23. Captain Christopher Newport  - A. Bryant Nichols Jr.
  24. Captain John Smith – Writings with Other Narratives – Ed. James Horn
  25. Common Law of Colonial America, The – Nelson
  26. Conquest Of Virginia, The Forest Primeval – Conway Whittle Sams
  27. County Court Records of Accomack-Northampton 1640-1645 - Susie Ames
  28. Directories of Accomack & Northampton Landowners - 1815 - Roger G. Ward
  29. Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623 – 1666 – George Cabell Greer
  30. Eastern Shore Indians of Virginia and Maryland - Rountree & Davidson
  31. Eastern Shore of Virginia, The - 1603-1964 - Nora Miller Turman
  32. English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records – Louis des Cognets, Jr.
  33. English Estates of American Colonists 1610-1699 -  Coldham, Peter
  34. Ethics and Indians – Social Relations in a Northwestern Ontario Town – David H. Stymeist
  35. European And The Indian, The  – James Axtell
  36. First Colonists, The: the First English Settlements in North America – David and Alison Quinn
  37. First People: The Early Indians of Virginia - Egloff & Woodward
  38. First Republic In America: An Account of the Origin of This Nation - Alexander Brown
  39. Formation of A Society on Virginia’s Eastern Shore 1615-1655 - James R. Perry
  40. Genesis of the United States, Vol. 1 and 2 by Alexander Brown, 1891 with reprint in 2018
  41. Good Wives, Nasty Wenches _: Gender, Race, Power in Colonial Virginia  - Brown, Kathleen. M.
  42. Historie of Travaile into Virginia Britannia, The  - William Strachey
  43. Histories of the Dividing Line Betwixt Virginia and North Carolina – Wm. K. Byrd
  44. History of Savage Family in England 1066-2010 – Hugh Savage (CD)
  45. Indians in Seventeenth-Century Virginia – McCary, Ben C.
  46. Immigrants To America Appearing In English Records – Frank Smith
  47. Jamestown Adventure, The: Accts of the Va. Colony, 1605-1614 - Ed Southern
  48. Jamestown Colony, The – Cornerstones of Freedom – Sakurai
  49. Jamestown Project, The - Karen Kupperma
  50. Jamestown, the Buried Truth - Kelso
  51. Jamestowne Ancestors 1607-1699 – Davis
  52. Key to Survey Reports and Microfilm of the Virginia Col. Records Project, Vol. 1 & 2
  53. Land Causes Accomack County, Virginia 1727-1826 - Stratton Nottingham
  54. Life of the Powhatan (Native Nations of North America) - Sjonger & Kalman
  55. Loose Papers and Sundry Court Cases 1628 – 1731 - Jean Mihalyka
  56. Lord Mayor’s Court Of London Depositions Relating to Americans 1641-1736 – Peter Coldham
  57. Lost Virginia Records, English Duplicates of – Louis des Cognets, Jr.
  58. Marriages, Northampton County, Virginia 1660-1854 - Jean Mihalyka
  59. Middlemen in Peace and War: Virginia's Earliest Indian Interpreters, 1608-1632  J. F. Fausz
  60. Mother Earth – Land Grants in Virginia - W. Stitt Robinson, Jr.
  61. My lady Pokahontas; a true relation of Virginia – Anas Todkill (Fiction based on history. RBS)
  62. Narratives Of Early Virginia – Editor J. F. Jameson
  63. Northampton Co. Va. Record Book, Ord, Deeds, Wills, 1654-55 - Mackey & Groves
  64. One Among the Indians - Martha Bennett Stiles
  65. Peopling of British North America, The  - Bernard Bailyn
  66. Pioneer Spirit – By American Heritage. Editor in Charge, Richard M. Ketchum
  67. Pocahontas, Powhatan, Opechancanough - Rountree
  68. Pocahontas's People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia - Helen C. Rountree
  69. Powhatan Confederacy, The -  Past and Present – James Mooney 1907
  70. Powhatan Indians of Virginia, The  - Helen C. Rountree
  71. Powhatan’s Mantle - Wood, Waselkov, Hatley
  72. Proceedings of the Virginia Co. of London 1619 – 1624  -  Conway Robinson & R. A. Brock
  73. Reading, Writing and Arithmetic in Virginia 1607-09 - Susie Ames
  74. Records of the Va. Co. of London, Court Book, Vol. 1, 1619-22 - Susan M. Kingsbury
  75. Records of the Va. Co. of London, The - Vol. 1,2,3,4 (CD) - Susan M. Kingsbury
  76. Records of the Virginia Company of London, Volumes 1-4 [CD] - Susan M. Kingsbury
  77. Relation of Virginia  c. 1613 - Henry Spelman
  78. Savage Is My Name – Part II – R. Blair Savage
  79. Savage Is My Name - R. Blair Savage
  80. Savage Kingdom – The True Story of Jamestown – Benjamin Wooley
  81. Shawnee Heritage I - Don Greene  Beware, sources not cited. Unreliable contents.
  82. Shawnee Heritage II - Don Greene    --------- ditto ---------------------
  83. Sir William Berkeley and the Forging of Colonial Virginia – Warren M. Billings
  84. Soldiers & Sailors of the Eastern Shore of VA in the Revolutionary War – S. Nottingham
  85. Studies of the Virginia Eastern Shore in the 17th century - Susie M. Ames
  86. Surviving Jamestown – Gail Karwoski
  87. The Three Charters of the Virginia Co. of London With Seven Related Documents 1606-1621
  88. The Virginia Company Of London, 1606-1624  -  Wesley Frank Craven
  89. Thomas Savage, Headright of William Gany  by  James W. Petty, CGRS, AG, BS (Genealogy)
  90. Tom Savage - A Story of Colonial Virginia - John Logan (Encyclopaedia Britannica)
  91. Tracks and Other Papers Relating to Origin (etc) of Colonies in North America (etc) - Peter Force
  92. True Story of Pocahontas, The - The Other Side of History - Custalow & Daniel
  93. Virginia: A History Of The People – John Esten Cooke        -- Printed 1884
  94. Virginia – The First Seventeen Years - Charles E. Hatch, Jr.
  95. Virginia ‘Publick’ Claims, Accomack & Northampton, 1780-83 -- Abercrombie & Slatten
  96. Virginia Colonial Abstracts – Series 2, Vol. 3. Va. Co. of London 1606 – 1624  -  Beverly Fleet
  97. Virginia Court Records in Southwestern Pennsylvania – Boyd Crumrine
  98. Virginia Gleanings in England – Lothrop Withington
  99. Virginia Immigrants And Adventurers 1607 – 1635 - Martha W. McCartney
  100. Virginia Wills and Administrations 1632-1800  -  Torrence Clayton  --- on order
  101. Virginia’s Eastern Shore - Ralph T. Whitelaw
  102. We Are The Savages – James C. Savage
  103. Who’s Saying What in Jamestown, Thomas Savage - Jean Fritz
  104. Wills And Adms of Accomack Co. Va. 1663 – 1800 - Stratton Nottingham
  105. Ye Kingdom Of Accawmacke - Jennings Cropper Wise
  106. Wenches, Wives & Widows - JoAnn Riley McKey

    The only source we have for the age of Ensign Thomas Savage is the writing of John Smith (or Anas Todkill) who wrote; "a boy of thirteen years old, called Thomas Savage, whom
    he (Newport) gave him as his son". I believe Savage was older than 13. He was too influential with the Powhatans to have been only 15 when, in April of 1610 Captain John
    Martin found "Thomas Savage already a power among the red men".
    In 1610 there was an attack upon the English at the Falls of the James River when Lord Delaware sent an expedition from Jamestown to search the country above the Falls for gold
    mines. In this attack Lord Delaware's nephew, Captain William West, was killed and Simon Skore, a sailor, and one Cobb, a boy, were taken prisoners. As a result of this fight the
    Indians said in their song that Thomas Savage, “had not frightened them with his monacock (sword)”. Savage was obviously a man to be dealt with to have been wielding a sword
    and surviving the attack. Fifteen years old? Perhaps older? Smith stated the age of Pocahontas as, "a child of tenne years old" in the spring of 1608. However, in a letter written by
    him in 1616 he gave her age at that same meeting in 1608 as "a child of twelve or thirteen".

The competing cultures of the Powhatan and English settlers
were united through unions and marriages of members, of which
the most well known was that of Pocahontas and John Rolfe.
Their son Thomas Rolfe was the ancestor of many Virginians and
many of the First Families of Virginia have both English and
Virginia Indian ancestry.


This book has nothing to do with
Thomas Savage, but I had some empty
space here and I told myself;
"Why not give my book a plug."
I talk to myself a lot. :)

These books are all available for sale
on Amazon. Click on the "My Books"
button in the Navigation Bar at the
top of this page.

    I have been told, by a source which I trust, that Thomas Savage the Carpenter, because he was half Indian, was required to wear a
    copper "badge", perhaps like the one to the right which was excavated at Jamestown. Please understand that this is NOT
    DOCUMENTED, but if it is true, might such a "badge" be similar to the "pass" to which Fish Hawk Perry refers? (RBS)
Colonial Carpenters at work

STATES, 1605-1616,
Brown says of Ensign Thomas Savage,
on page 196;
He left two sons, Thomas, who was alive in
1652, but seems to have died without issue, and a younger
son, John.
We know that this Thomas who was alive in
1652 was, in fact, our
Thomas Savage the Carpenter who
died in 1654/55
and he also had issue including two sons,
Thomas and John.
A similar statement appears in THE
by the Oxford University Press in London, pages 839-840.
his wife, Anne he had two sons, Thomas and John besides
other children who died young.
Badge for Pamunkey
tribal members.

"Why should you take by force that from us which you can have by love? Why should you destroy us who
have provided you with food? What can you get by war?" Chief Powhatan Wahunsenaca, 1608
(Moquin and Doren 1973:111:


    There's a fellow I know by the name of Scott Savage. We don't yet know if we're related, but we're working on finding
    out. Scott has hit a temporary dead-end with his ancestor, Robert Savage in Mercer County, PA. Any help in that regard
    would sure be welcome.

    After retiring from the US Army, Scott started making knives. They are made completely by hand with great detail given
    to the fit and finish of each blade. He makes the most beautiful and precision knives you're likely to come across.
    It wouldn't make me a bit angry if you were to go to Scott's web site and take a look at his work. It's pure and functional
    art; the kind you'd like to leave to your kids or grand-kids.

                                                                                           Just click here >>>>  Black Earth Knives

Descendants of Robinson T. Savage
may be interested in visiting the

    Maryland State Park at Sang Run, Garrett Co. Maryland.
    It contains information about our
    Robinson T. Savage pioneer families.
The park includes the Friends Store and farm at Sang Run.  
This deeply historical area has a time-line to the mid 1700's
with original buildings and election house.  
Picnic by the river, fish, hike, and enjoy our porch!  
Discover Garrett County history and farm life at Friends
Delight farm. Artisan demonstrations, kids activities, gardens,
hayrides, hiking, dutch oven cooking demos, candle dipping.

The Park is open daily. Friends Store is closed during winter.

Friends Store and Farm, Sang Run State Park
3735 Sang Run Road.  (4 miles past WISP resort)   301-387-7067
This counter quit working at around 40,000 and I can't fix it!

    One may note in my Time Line link that after Ensign
    Thomas met with Powhatan in 1614, there is no record of
    him again until 1617. It's my belief that the 1614
    re-acquaintance after four years of no contact between
    the two, and with Powhatan greeting Thomas so warmly, it
    was the beginning of the two men renewing their close
    friendship. During the period between 1614 and 1618 when
    Powhatan died, the age range of Thomas would have been
    between roughly, 19 to 23. To me it is very likely that
    during this time Powhatan would have offered Thomas one
    of his daughters.

    In February 2020 I received an email from a fellow
    Savage researcher in England. His name is Hugh
    Savage and he is a most prolific and trusted
    genealogist of the Savage family in England. Hugh
    has written at least 13 volumes on Savage families
    in England and elsewhere. The research he has
    done over the years is remarkable. To the right is
    an example of his work, all of which is available on It's certainly worth checking out.
    In Hugh’s message to me he says this: “I agree
    absolutely about Thomas the Belson boy, that he
    could be a son by an Indian lady who might have
    been given the name Belle or Isabelle or something

History of the Savage Family
The Ancient Savage Family
of England and Other Places
         Hugh F. J. Savage       
Why was the “Belson” boy treated differently than the
other fifty residents? Why was he the only one who had
no information given as to how or when he arrived in
Virginia?  Why is the listing of this boy unique?

    On March 31, 2021, the Yahoo - Aabaco Company, publisher of the software used
    to build this site, will no longer support this software. This will prevent my ability to make
    changes or additions. This site will continue on-line because I am the domain Owner,
    Registrant contact and Administrative contact.  However, in form it will remain static. It
    was in July of 2005 that I put the site on line and for these many years have kept it up to
    date with new finds. I am now 86 years old and it is my hope that a member of my family
    will rebuild SAVAGE ANCESTRY with new software and continue to, as I have, provide
    help to those interested in finding their Savage roots. I have been chasing down these
    Savages for many years and it's time to pass the chase to a younger explorer. In the near
    future I hope to have a new book finished and available on Amazon. It will be roughly
    330 pages and be an expansion of this page plus material too broad to fit here. And,
    perhaps portions of it may be a bit too controversial to put on-line.        
                                                                              R. Blair Savage 1-30-21.
    Update: A family team will rebuild this site and maintain it for many years to come. I will
    let them introduce themselves when the build is complete. The name of the site will not